From making green changes fairer for workers to cutting fossil fuel subsidies, action against climate change needs to accelerate in 2022, analysts say.
Por Beh Lih Yi
KUALA LUMPUR, Jan. 5 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - From phasing out fossil fuel subsidies to tackling the rising costs of climate change loss and damage, 2022 is likely to rise pressure for more ambitious steps to be taken to address global isolation in the countryside.
The urgency comes as climate policy officials and analysts warn that the Paris Agreement's most ambitious goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 F) is becoming harder to achieve, despite getting stronger political support in 2021.
"2022 has to do with the transition to what the Secretary General (of the UN) has called"Safe Mode– said Inger Andersen, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), in an interview with the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Here are some of the weather and nature issues that experts say will be a priority this year:
FASTER AND BETTER LOWER EMISSIONS
Efforts must be redoubled, especially by the major greenhouse gas emitters, to reduce carbon pollution this decade in an effort to keep the warming limit at 1.5 degrees Celsius and minimize the harm that change climate is causing to people and the planet.
Steam rises from the cooling towers of the Doel nuclear power plant at Electrabel, a Belgian unit of the French company Engie, formerly GDF Suez, in Doel, near Antwerp, Belgium, January 4, 2016. REUTERS/Francois Lenoir
“Until mid-century, too much emphasis was placed on net-zero emissions targets and too little attention was paid to meaningful reductions between now and 2030.” said Robert Watson, former chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
"If governments are sincere in their stated goal of achieving the Paris target, then by 2022 they must make significant efforts and strengthen their commitments," he stressed.
This is especially necessary in countries with the highest emissions, such as China, the United States, India, Russia, Japan and members of the European Union, Watson noted.
At the COP26 UN Climate Summit in November, governments agreed to find ways to re-strengthen their climate action plans in one year instead of every five years as stipulated in the Paris Pact.
According to Niklas Höhne, co-founder of the German research group NewClimate Institute, projections indicate that global emissions in 2030
"With such an obvious gap, all countries have an obligation to reconsider their choice," he said.
phase out fossil fuel financing
Governments are expected to seek to phase out support for fossil fuels domestically and in developing countries after agreeing at COP26 to end, albeit without a deadline, "ineffective" subsidies for oil, gas and charcoal.
Key countries that have financed polluting energy technologies from across their borders, including China, Japan and South Korea, have pledged by 2021 to end new foreign financing of coal, while a group of donors have made a pledge similar for all fossil fuels.
Fossil fuel subsidies, financing, and technical assistance have artificially capped the cost of using oil, gas, and coal to produce energy, hindering a much-needed transition to renewables.
UN environment chief Andersen said the shift away from fossil fuel-based economic growth is one of the "elephants in the room" that must be addressed this year.
The International Monetary Fund estimates that global fossil fuel subsidies are huge6 trillion dollars a year.
"The priority must be to get fossil fuel interests out of politics once and for all and remove their social license, as happened with Big Tobacco," said Jennifer Morgan, director of environmental group Greenpeace International.
A worker kneels before one of the solar cell panels on the water surface of the Sirindhorn Dam in Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand, April 8, 2021. REUTERS/Prapan Chankaew
As pressure mounts to cut fossil fuel emissions and switch to cleaner energy sources, both in developing and rich countries, concerns are growing about how this will affect workers who currently rely on energy-intensive industries. carbon for a living.
Governments are increasingly recognizing the need to provide support, such as training for green jobs and financing new businesses started in former coal or oil hubs, to help communities transition to a cleaner economy.
At COP26, donor governments pledged billions of dollars in new partnerships to help emerging coal-dependent economies such as South Africa, India, Indonesia and the Philippines embark on a "just transition" that is ecologically and socially just, especially for the most vulnerable.
In 2022, there will be a lot of interest in how these new programmes, backed by governments from the UK to Canada to Germany, as well as international climate funds, shape up.
Following COP26, the International Trade Union Confederation, which represents 200 million union members worldwide, called for immediate talks with workers and communities to create "transition only"planes.
ACCELERATOR IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
From the deadly Hurricane Ida in the United States to devastating floods in Europe and China, and drought-induced famine in East Africa, disasters caused by climate change have cost tens of billions of dollars in 2021 and have caused serious human suffering.
File photo: Women fight their way through the flooded village of Godadhar in Faridpur, July 27, 2008. REUTERS/Andrew Biraj
A key IPCC report to be released at the end of February is expected to make clear that the threats to people and nature are greater than scientists expected, even with current global warming of 1.1 degrees Celsius, andovercome1.5C heating.
Social and economic inequalities are exacerbating the consequences of climate change for the poorest people and that, in turn, will get worse, a panel of UN climatologists is likely to find in the second report in the sixth series of assessments targeting the poor. world policy makers.
"It tells us not only how we are adapting to these changes now, but also what adaptive responses may be in the future," said Debra Roberts, co-lead of the group of scientists writing the next IPCC Impact Report. statement.
The Paris Agreement established a global adaptation goal to strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change through the strengthening of infrastructure, early warning of disasters and crops of extreme resistance.
But efforts on the ground lag far behind accelerating climate stress and weather shocks, with funding to accelerate adaptation tens of billions of dollars less than thought to be needed each year, especially in places more vulnerable.
PAY FOR WEATHER LOSSES AND DAMAGE
As extreme weather disasters become more violent and frequent, the rich countries responsible for the majority of carbon emissions will come under greater pressure to help cover the rising costs of vulnerable nations on the front lines.
Affair "loss and damage" received major recognition at the COP26 summit, where countries agreed to start a new dialogue on how to finance efforts to prevent and repair damage, from damaged homes and ecosystems to lost cultural heritage.
However, a long-term effort by affected countries to create a new loss and damage fund has failed.
"It is time for the big historical polluters, the government and corporations, to pay up," said Greenpeace's Morgan.
“This issue must be at the top of the agenda for developed countries at the COP in Egypt,” he added, referring to the UN climate conference due to take place at the end of 2022.
fresh demandfinanceto cover "loss and damage" adds to the failure of developed countries to provide $100 billion a year from 2020 to help poorer nations adapt to global warming and adopt cleaner energy.
A NEW DEAL FOR NATURE
Protecting natural systems, including forests, and halting the rapid decline of biodiversity, both key elements of the global fight against climate change, will be in the spotlight this year at the UN's flagship conference on biodiversity. , known as COP15.
The talks, where countries are tasked with finalizing a new global agreement to protect plants, animals and ecosystems, similar to the Paris climate pact, have already been postponed three times due to the pandemic.
There are questions about whether the COP15 summit, scheduled for April 25 to May 8 in the Chinese city of Kunming, will take place due to tightening of travel restrictions around the world to curb the spread.Variante coronavirus Omicron.
COP15, along with the COP27 climate talks in Egypt, will be "critical turning points" in tackling the "triple planetary crisis" of climate change, biodiversity loss and pollution, UNEP's Andersen said.
In 2021, governments were aiming for a target of 1.5 degrees Celsius, colder than climate action.
To defend the fragile target of 1.5 degrees Celsius, the Glasgow Climate Pact must deliver results quickly
What can world leaders do to make the COP26 deforestation pledge a success?
(Reporting by Beh Lih Yi @behlihyi; Additional reporting by Megan Rowling; Editing by Megan Rowling and Laurie Goering. Thank the Thomson Reuters Foundation, a charitable arm of Thomson Reuters that cares about the lives of people around the world who struggle to survive freely or honestly Visit http://news.trust.org)
Continuing the planet's long-term warming trend, global temperatures in 2022 were 1.6 degrees Fahrenheit (0.89 degrees Celsius) above the average for NASA's baseline period (1951-1980), scientists from NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York reported.What is the biggest contributor to climate change 2022? ›
Carbon dioxide emissions remain the biggest problem
CO2 is by far the most important contributor to climate change.
Despite the last two years (2021 and 2022) not ranking among the five warmest years on record, the global annual temperature increased at an average rate of 0.08°C (0.14°F) per decade since 1880 and over twice that rate (0.18°C / 0.32°F) since 1981.What is the new climate change prediction? ›
The annual mean global near-surface temperature for each year between 2023 and 2027 is predicted to be between 1.1°C and 1.8°C higher than the 1850-1900 average. This is used as a baseline because it was before the emission of greenhouse gases from human and industrial activities.How long until climate change is irreversible? ›
of aggressive climate change policies is that humanity is always about 10 years away from either catastrophic climate change, or some greenhouse gas emission “tipping point” at which such change will become inevitable.What are the 5 biggest contributors to climate change? ›
- Burning coal, oil and gas produces carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide.
- Cutting down forests (deforestation). ...
- Increasing livestock farming. ...
- Fertilisers containing nitrogen produce nitrous oxide emissions.
- Fluorinated gases are emitted from equipment and products that use these gases.
Fossil fuels – coal, oil and gas – are by far the largest contributor to global climate change, accounting for over 75 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions and nearly 90 per cent of all carbon dioxide emissions.Who are the top 5 emitters of greenhouse gases in 2022? ›
Around the world, the top five countries emitting GHGs are China (28%), the United States (18%), India (7%), Russia (5%), and Japan (3%).What are 6 things we should know about climate change? ›
- More scientists are investigating ways to help people adapt. ...
- Big data will enable us to predict extreme weather. ...
- The world's food supply is under threat. ...
- We need to prepare for massive waves of human migration. ...
- Rising temperatures are already making people sick.
More than 1 million species face extinction
While the expected rate of species extinction is usually around 5 species a year, we're currently losing up to 10,000 times the normal rate – this means that dozens of species go extinct every single day.
More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on people's livelihoods and communities.What are the major climate trends in the US? ›
Temperatures are rising, snow and rainfall patterns are shifting, and more extreme climate events – like heavy rainstorms and record high temperatures – are becoming more common. Many of these observed climate changes are linked to rising levels of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, caused by human activities.What are 5 climate changes? ›
The consequences of climate change now include, among others, intense droughts, water scarcity, severe fires, rising sea levels, flooding, melting polar ice, catastrophic storms and declining biodiversity.What are 5 different climate changes? ›
Official Definition Of Climate Change
These phenomena include the increased temperature trends described by global warming, but also encompass changes such as sea-level rise; ice mass loss in Greenland, Antarctica, the Arctic and mountain glaciers worldwide; shifts in flower/plant blooming; and extreme weather events.”
The study, published Jan. 30 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, provides new evidence that global warming is on track to reach 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial averages in the early 2030s, regardless of how much greenhouse gas emissions rise or fall in the coming decade.Will climate change get worse in 2023? ›
17 May: the WMO Global Annual to Decadal Climate Update projected that the chance of global near-surface temperature exceeding 1.5°C above preindustrial levels for at least one year between 2023 and 2027 is 66%, though it is unlikely (32%) that the five-year mean will exceed 1.5°C.How hot will it be in 2050? ›
They predict that in three decades, more than 100 million Americans will live in an “extreme heat belt” where at least one day a year, the heat index temperature will exceed 125° Fahrenheit (52° Celsius) — the top level of the National Weather Service's heat index, or the extreme danger level.What is the final warning for climate change? ›
According to the IPCC report, limiting global warming to 1.5°C requires a peak before 2025, reduce emissions by 43% by 2030, 60% by 2035 and reach net-zero in early 2050.What are 5 ways to stop global warming? ›
- Change a light. Replacing one regular light bulb with a compact fluorescent light bulb will save 150 pounds of carbon dioxide a year.
- Drive less. ...
- Recycle more. ...
- Check your tires. ...
- Use less hot water. ...
- Avoid products with a lot of packaging. ...
- Adjust your thermostat. ...
- Plant a tree.
Without major action to reduce emissions, global temperature is on track to rise by 2.5 °C to 4.5 °C (4.5 °F to 8 °F) by 2100, according to the latest estimates. Thwaites Glacier. Credit: NASA. But it may not be too late to avoid or limit some of the worst effects of climate change.
- China, with more than 10,065 million tons of CO2 released.
- United States, with 5,416 million tons of CO2.
- India, with 2,654 million tons of CO2.
- Russia, with 1,711 million tons of CO2.
- Japan, 1,162 million tons of CO2.
- Germany, 759 million tons of CO2.
- Iran, 720 million tons of CO2.
Since 1959, the United States has put more 334 billion tons (303 billion metric tons) of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, about 21.5% of the global total. Those figures are based on how much carbon dioxide is spewed within national borders.What pollutes the most? ›
Air pollution is the most severe type of pollution given the danger air pollutants (such as CO2, methane, and particulate matter) cause to human health and global warming. According to the World Health Organisation, 7 million deaths per year have been linked to air pollution.What is the biggest contributor to global warming in the US? ›
The largest source of greenhouse gas emissions from human activities in the United States is from burning fossil fuels for electricity, heat, and transportation.What country emits the most carbon dioxide? ›
- China. China is the largest emitter of carbon dioxide gas in the world, with 10,668 million metric tons emitted in 2020. ...
- The U.S. The U.S. is the second-largest emitter of CO2, with 4,713 million metric tons of total carbon dioxide emissions in 2020. ...
Notes. Globally, the primary sources of greenhouse gas emissions are electricity and heat (31%), agriculture (11%), transportation (15%), forestry (6%) and manufacturing (12%). Energy production of all types accounts for 72 percent of all emissions.What is the biggest polluter in the US? ›
Power plants dominate the list of the nation's top greenhouse gas polluters: Ninety percent of the top 50 polluters are power plants that burn coal and/or gas. Together, those 45 power plants emitted 28% of all greenhouse gases from electricity generation nationwide, while generating only 11% of the nation's power.Who are the worst polluters? ›
Since 2006, China has been emitting more CO 2 than any other country. When looking at CO2 emissions per person, China's levels are less than half those of the United States (the next largest source of CO 2 emissions) and about one-eighth of those of Palau (the biggest CO 2 emitter per person).Which greenhouse gas is the biggest culprit to climate change? ›
The biggest culprit Carbon dioxide, or CO2, is by far the most abundant human-emitted greenhouse gas.What are the 6 climate objectives? ›
The six environmental objectives of the Taxonomy are: (1) climate change mitigation, (2) climate change adaptation, (3) sustainable use and protection of water and marine resources, (4) transition to a circular economy, (5) pollution prevention and control, and (6) protection and restoration of biodiversity and ...
- Heat-trapping Greenhouse Gases And The Earth's Climate. ...
- Greenhouse Gases. ...
- Reflectivity or Absorption of the Sun's Energy. ...
- Changes in the Earth's Orbit and Rotation. ...
- Variations in Solar Activity. ...
- Changes in the Earth's Reflectivity. ...
- Volcanic Activity.
There are many factors that influence the climate of an area, including global wind patterns, heat distribution through ocean currents, landforms such as mountains, continental movement, and human activities.What is worse than climate change? ›
"The biodiversity crisis -- i.e. the rapid loss of species and the rapid degradation of ecosystems -- is probably a greater threat than global climate change to the stability and prosperous future of humankind on Earth.What is the biggest climate threat? ›
NEW YORK (21 October 2022) – Human-induced climate change is the largest, most pervasive threat to the natural environment and societies the world has ever experienced, and the poorest countries are paying the heaviest price, a UN expert said.What are the shocking numbers for climate change? ›
Climate change could push 122 million more people, mainly farmers, into extreme poverty by 2030. Water scarcity affects 40% of the world's population. For every 1° C rise, 500 million additional people will face a 20% loss in renewable water resources. By 2050, climate change will increase cereal prices by 29%.What are the 7 effects of climate change? ›
Symptoms of climate change are all around us: extreme weather, diminishing sea ice, year after year of record-breaking warmth, drought, fires, and stress to ecosystems. Many of these consequences will create hardship for humans.What are 10 ways to stop climate change? ›
- Save energy at home. ...
- Walk, bike, or take public transport. ...
- Eat more vegetables. ...
- Consider your travel. ...
- Throw away less food. ...
- Reduce, reuse, repair & recycle. ...
- Change your home's source of energy. ...
- Switch to an electric vehicle.
The transportation sector accounts for largest share of U.S. energy-related CO2 emissions. Consumption of fossil fuels accounts for most of the CO2 emissions of the major energy consuming sectors: commercial, industrial, residential, transportation, and electric power.What are the 5 best states to live in for climate change in the US? ›
- Minnesota. While it might be known for its cold winters, Minnesota is well-equipped to handle climate change. ...
- Illinois. Like Minnesota, Illinois benefits from its regional placement. ...
- Rhode Island. ...
- Maine. ...
- Wyoming. ...
- California. ...
- Florida. ...
- Seattle, Washington. Like San Francisco, Seattle doesn't expect to see a drastic increase in days with extreme heat or high heat and humidity. ...
- Columbus, Ohio. ...
- Minneapolis, Minnesota. ...
- Baltimore, Maryland. ...
- Portland, Oregon. ...
- Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...
- Richmond, Virginia. ...
- Houston, Texas.
Mobilizing a whole-of-government approach, the United States is scaling up action at home and abroad to put the world on a path to reach net-zero emissions by 2050 and to achieve the global goal on adaptation. Learn more about the United States at COP27 and the U.S. Center.What are 3 things of climate change? ›
“Climate change” encompasses global warming, but refers to the broader range of changes that are happening to our planet, including rising sea levels; shrinking mountain glaciers; accelerating ice melt in Greenland, Antarctica and the Arctic; and shifts in flower/plant blooming times.What is 1 example of climate change? ›
Droughts are becoming longer and more extreme around the world. Tropical storms becoming more severe due to warmer ocean water temperatures. As temperatures rise there is less snowpack in mountain ranges and polar areas and the snow melts faster. Overall, glaciers are melting at a faster rate.What are the 5 main climate types? ›
The Köppen climate classification divides climates into five main climate groups, with each group being divided based on patterns of seasonal precipitation and temperature. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (arid), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar).What is happening with climate change right now? ›
Humans are adding carbon dioxide to the atmosphere at a rate far greater than it is removed by natural processes, creating a long-lived reservoir of the gas in the atmosphere and oceans that is driving the climate to a warmer and warmer state.Are we making progress on climate change? ›
After more than three decades of diplomacy there is firm evidence that the world is making progress in controlling emissions that cause global warming. It is still likely that warming will far exceed the widely discussed 2 degree goal, but a new “theory of change” is emerging and having an impact.What are the main threats of climate change? ›
The main threats of climate change, stemming from the rising temperature of Earth's atmosphere include rising sea levels, ecosystem collapse and more frequent and severe weather. Rising temperatures from human-caused greenhouse gas emissions affects planet-wide systems in various ways.What are the 5 main effects of climate change? ›
- Hotter temperatures. As greenhouse gas concentrations rise, so does the global surface temperature. ...
- More severe storms. ...
- Increased drought. ...
- A warming, rising ocean. ...
- Loss of species. ...
- Not enough food. ...
- More health risks. ...
- Poverty and displacement.
Natural Causes of Climate Change
Over the course of Earth's existence, volcanic eruptions, fluctuations in solar radiation, tectonic shifts, and even small changes in our orbit have all had observable effects on planetary warming and cooling patterns.
Climate change isn't just creating new extreme weather events, it exacerbates the risks we see today: hurricanes are stronger, bigger, and slower; the frequency and severity of land-falling “atmospheric rivers" on the U.S. West Coast will increase; wildfires are larger, hotter, and burn longer.
According to NCEI's Global Annual Temperature Outlook, it is virtually certain (> 99.0%) that the year 2023 will rank among the 10-warmest years on record.Are we in a climate change crisis? ›
Climate Change is the defining issue of our time and we are at a defining moment. From shifting weather patterns that threaten food production, to rising sea levels that increase the risk of catastrophic flooding, the impacts of climate change are global in scope and unprecedented in scale.What are the facts about climate change in 2023? ›
Pre-industrial CO2 levels were around 280 parts per million (PPM). In 2023, we are close to 420 PPM. The last time the atmosphere contained as much CO2 as it does now, according to WIRED, was more than three million years ago, when sea levels were much higher and trees grew on the South Pole.Will global warming get worse in the next 50 years? ›
With world temperatures set to rise more over the next 50 years than they have in the previous 6,000, scientists agree that far worse is still to come. Today, just one percent of the planet falls within so-called “barely liveable” hot zones: by 2050, the ratio could rise to almost twenty percent.How bad will global warming be in 2030? ›
It says that global average temperatures are estimated to rise 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above preindustrial levels sometime around “the first half of the 2030s,” as humans continue to burn coal, oil and natural gas.What year will it be too late to save the planet? ›
Holding temperatures to 1.5 degrees Celsius will require a clean energy transition to be far advanced by 2030. And the 2022 IPCC report made it clear that to keep temperatures to 2 degrees Celsius we have until 2050 to largely decarbonize the global economy.Who is the biggest threat to the world? ›
Climate change the greatest threat the world has ever faced, UN expert warns.What are the 3 worst causes of climate change? ›
Burning fossil fuels, cutting down forests and farming livestock are increasingly influencing the climate and the earth's temperature.Where is climate change the worst? ›
Chad. Chad ranks as the world's most climate-vulnerable country on the Notre Dame-Global Adaptation Initiative Index, which examines a country's exposure, sensitivity and capacity to adapt to the negative effects of climate change.